List of Essential Oils 105 – Unabridged

List of Essential Oils and Their Uses

All 105 Essential Oils as featured in our FREE guide

FREE Guide to 105 Popular Essential Oils

This page features a list of 105 essential oils with a short basic description for each plus links and buttons to learn more and/or buy on Amazon. Feel free to grab our FREE guide if you want a much more detailed description for each of these oils, including:  benefits, uses, properties, risks & precautions and much more.


African Bluegrass

This essential oil is unique for its grassy scent with a slightly herbal and earthy tone, without being too heavy. Its home is South Africa and has been known to be used as religious sort of holy water.


Allspice

Also known as Pimento Berry, Allspice offers a spicy, warm scent which is similar to cassia, cinnamon and clove, due to the high amount of Eugenol.


Amyris

Also known by the name West Indian Sandalwood. Not actually related to typical Indian Sandalwood, Amyris is known by its slightly sweet, woody aroma, with a hint of balsamic.


Anethi

Steam distilled from the seeds of the plant, Anethi Essential Oil has an herbal scent that is fresh, sweet, and earthy. Similar to caraway or parsley, the plant is also sometimes known as East Indian Dill and is extensively used in the food and drug industry, particularly in the making of pickles.


Angelica Root

With a fresh, woodsy odor, this essential oil is enjoyed by both men and women. Angelica is also commonly used for flavoring food and beverages.


Anise, Star

Used in foods and beverages since ancient times, Anise has a pungent flavor and is often used as a breath freshener.


Balsam, Peru

Peru Balsam has a scent that is earthy, sweet, and fresh. With a slight hint of cinnamon, the aroma is also reminiscent of warm vanilla.


Basil

A well-additive to various cultural cuisines, Basil has an herbaceous ton which is sweet and smells bit like licorice and camphor.


Bay

A warming oil that is masculine and spicy, Bay helps to stimulate circulation and heal muscle strains for sprains.


Bay Laurel

Sometimes known as Laurel Leaf, Sweet Bay, Sweet Laurel or Bay Leaf.  Bay Laurel Oil is not the same as Bay Oil (see above). Bay Laurel has notes of camphor and spice, as well as lighter tones of fruity and floral.


Benzoin

This warm, rich essential oil is made from the resin of the Styrax Benzoin tree. It has a thicker viscosity than most essential oils and should not be used in diffusers or it could clog your machine.


Bergamot

A citrus fruit which may remind you of orange, Bergamot has many of the healing properties of its other citrus fruit cousins, but is more complex. Traditionally used in Earl Gray tea for flavoring.


Bergamot Mint

Even though the word “mint” is in the name, Bergamot Mint does not contain much menthol at all. The scent is similar to what you might expect to find in a blend of Bergamot with lavender, fresh herbs, and just the tiniest bit of mint.


Bitter Almond

This essential oil has a nutty aroma that is sweet and smells like a blend of cherry with almonds. The scent is similar to that of almond extract or marzipan, which might make you want to drink it—but don’t! It can be poisonous.


Black Pepper

Just as you would imagine freshly ground black pepper smells, Black Pepper Essential Oil is similar but with some floral undertones. Works well in blends—not typically used alone.


Buchu

With a strong smell of blackcurrant and is often used as a tincture for pharmaceutical use. Some people believe that the Burchu plant may be able to block ultraviolet light, but this has not necessarily been scientifically confirmed.


Cade

A variety of the Juniper plant and a Cypress family member, Cade is also known as Juniper Tar, Prickly Juniper, or Sharp Cedar. This oil has a smoky scent, sort of like the smell of burning wood.


Cajuput

A relative of the tea tree, Cajuput (sometimes spelled “Cajeput”) has a scent that smells strongly of camphor.


Calamus

Derived from a marshy plant and commonly called Sweet Flag, Calamus essential oil provides a spicy odor that is warm and reminiscent of cinnamon.


Calendula

Distilled from the pot flower commonly known as Marigold, Calendula essential oil is well known for its various skin remedies as well as for warding off evil spirits.


Camphor

Strong and spicy with a penetrating herbaceous scent that seems somewhat medicinal, Camphor may be unpleasant for some people at first. It can even be addictive so it should be used sparingly. Sometimes called Ho Leaf or Ravinstara.


Caraway

Often used for cooking, Caraway comes from the seeds of the plant and has an odor that works well for men or women.


Cardamom

Extracted from the cardamom seed, Cardamom Essential Oil provides a spicy, herbaceous scent which blends as well with sweet as savory. Often used to flavor spicy beverages such as chai.


Carrot Seed

Made from the seeds of the orange root vegetable we are all familiar with, Carrot Seed Oil has a mild, earthy scent which refreshes and relaxes.


Cassia

Derived from the bark of a tree in the laurel family, Cassia is a spicy oil that is sometimes used to flavor food and beverages in similar ways to its cousin, cinnamon. Its aroma is uplifting and warm, with a woodsy, earthy, sweet scent.


Catnip/Catmint

Although a sedative for human beings, this herb is a stimulant for felines, thus the name, Catnip. The scent is herbaceous, floral, and rich.


Cedarwood,Atlas Cedarwood,Virginian

With a fresh, balsamic, woodsy scent, Cedarwood has two varieties: Atlas and Virginian. Although the two are similar in their properties, Atlas may have a slightly sharper scent and Virginian is a bit sweeter.


Chamomile,German Chamomile,Roman

Sometimes listed separately, these two varieties of Chamomile have similar uses. German chamomile is a bit more potent with more active ingredients—and sometimes more pricey. In particular, this gives the German variety a boost for anti-inflammatory uses while the Roman variety may be more useful for calming and relaxation. The scent of Chamomile is floral and mild.


Cilantro

Distilled from the leaves of the same plant as Coriander. SEE Coriander for complete description.


Cinnamon

Essential oil may be made from either the bark or the leaf of the Cinnamon plant. The scent is warm, spicy, and woodsy and while it is reminiscent of the spice used for cooking, it is much stronger and potent in this form. Cinnamon Bark Oil is often more expensive than the oil distilled from the leaves.


Cistus

Also known as Rose of Sharon, Rock Rose or Labdanum, Cistus is slightly spicy and herbaceous. It has a bit of a floral scent to it that is soft and almost like honey. Often used in masculine scents.


Citronella

Made from grass that grows mainly in Asia, Citronella essential oil has a crisp scent that is almost lemony. Both varieties in highly concentrated in similar constituents, but the Winterianus variety may be considered higher quality. Citronella essential oil has a slight fruity, citrusy, sweet, fresh aroma.


Clary Sage

With a nutty, sweet fragrance, this somewhat herbaceous oil has a warm, mellow scent that is almost immediately relaxing and uplifting.


Clove Bud

Warm and spicy with a woodsy aroma, clove can be a bit bitter to the taste.


Copaiba

Distilled from the resin of a tree in the Amazon rainforest, Copaiba essential oil has a scent that is warm and like honey.


Coriander

Known a spice used in cooking, Coriander has a great many health benefits when used as an essential oil. Made from the seeds of the same plant as Cilantro Essential Oil, which is drawn from the leaves.


Cumin

A popular spice for cooking worldwide, cumin has a scent that is slightly spicy odor that is often associated with food, but it promotes many positive health benefits.


Cypress

As expected, Cypress essential oil has a woody, herbaceous aroma and is often used to help with concentration and mental fatigue. Has an evergreen scent that is fresh with balsamic undertones.


Davana

One of the lesser known essential oils, Davana is made from the flowers of the plant, offering a rich scent that is sweet, fruity, and a bit woody, with a slight vanilla flavor as well as a hint of camphor.


Dill

Most commonly known for its use in pickled food products, Dill essential oil has a scent that is sweet, fresh, herbaceous, and slightly earthy.


Elemi

Made from the gum of the Elemi tree, this essential oil has a fresh scent reminiscent of lemon with a spicy, balsamic note. Its origins are closely related to myrrh and frankincense.


Eucalyptus

Known as fever tree, stringy bark tree, or blue gum tree, Eucalyptus is native to Australia but has moved to other parts of the world now. Eucalyptus has a large amount of camphor which gives it its strong smell that is somewhat woody with a hint of fresh lemon. Some people find it to be a bit medicinal smelling.


Fennel

Made from the seeds of the fennel plant, this essential oil has a sweet, earthy scent which is a bit spicy, peppery, and may smell a bit like licorice. Fennel seeds are used often for cooking and to freshen the mouth.


Fir Needle

From the fir tree, this essential oil has the scent you would expect from an evergreen, which is woody, earthy, fresh, and a bit sweet.


Frankincense

Known best for its use in Bible times, Frankincense essential oil is made from the resin of the tree. With strong properties of mood enhancing and perfuming, Frankincense also has some health benefits. It has a very strong odor which is spicy and warm, with a sweet note.


Galbanum

Extracted from the resin of the plant, Galbanum essential oil has a woody, balsamic smell that is fresh, earthy, and spicy.


Geranium

Distilled from the leaves of this traditional flowering plant, Geranium essential oil smells fresh and sweet with floral and fruity notes.


Ginger

Known for its uses in the kitchen, Ginger essential oil has a warm, spicy scent that works well in blends. Some people are adverse to a strong ginger flavor.


Grapefruit

Distilled from the rind of the Grapefruit, this essential oil has a light, fresh scent that is sweet and tangy. Pink grapefruit may be slightly sweeter smelling than white grapefruit.


Helichrysum

Made from the flowers of the plant, Helichrysum essential oil has a scent that is earthy, fresh, and herbaceous.


Hyssop

With a history dating back to early Bible times, Hyssop provides a wide variety of benefits and has a scent that is rich, sweet, and herbaceous with a hint of camphor.


Jasmine

With a sweet, floral scent, Jasmine has an uplifting and relaxing benefit to the spirit, easing stress and bringing joy.


Juniper

Emitting a woody, sweet aroma that is distinctive, Juniper Berry Essential Oil is made from the berries of the coniferous Juniper tree, which has been used in medicine and aromatherapy for thousands of years.


Lavandin

A hybrid plant created by the mix of Lavender and Spike Lavender (see below), Lavandin essential oil should not be confused with other lavenders and is not a substitute for true lavender, but does have some healthy properties of its own. It smells more herbaceous than true lavender and has a bit more camphor in it.


Lavender

One of the most popular and versatile essential oils, Lavender has a distinct aroma that is floral but not necessarily “feminine”.  Lavender may be safely used on the skin without needing to dilute.


Lavender, Spike

Not to be confused with “true lavender” listed above, Spike Lavender has a floral scent that is spicy and contains a great deal more of a camphor smell than true lavender. Some people think that these properties make it more energizing than true lavender.


Lemon

Powerful and useful, it takes about 75 lemon rinds to make a small bottle of Lemon Essential Oil. Traditionally used for cleaning and refreshing, the scent is strong, citrusy, and fresh that comes from the natural limonene content.


Lemongrass

Smelling more like grass than lemons, Lemongrass essential oil has an earthy, fresh aroma. It grows well and tropical regions and is strong and effective for a variety of uses.


Lemon Balm

Also sometimes referred to as Common Oil or Sweet Oil, Lemon Balm is also referred to as Melissa because of its plant of origin. With extremely soothing properties, this oil has a pleasant, sweet aroma.


Lime

Sweet and tart, with the citrusy smell that is expected, Lime Essential Oil is very potent and has a wide variety of uses.


Linden Blossom

Also known as basswood and lime blossom (although not related to the Lime fruit), Linden Blossom essential oil has a sweet, subtle fragrance that is distilled from the flowers of the tree and resembles a honey scent. It is more popular in Europe than anyone else in the world.


Mandarin

When differentiated from tangerine, mandarin essential oil contains esters and is derived from the leaf instead of the rind, which allows it to be longer lasting and calming.


Manuka

With a rich, woody scent, Manuka has a warmer aroma than its cousin, Tea Tree (Melaleuca). Native to New Zealand, Manuka essential oil is one of the newer oils in use.


Marjoram

A commonly used spice in cooking, Marjoram also has some excellent health properties. This essential oil offers a sweet, herbaceous, woodsy scent that contains a bit of camphor, for a slight medicinal aroma.


May Chang (aka Litsea)

Sometimes referred to as Chinese Pepper or Mountain Pepper, May Chang essential oil has a scent that is similar to lemongrass with a sweeter aroma.


Melaleuca

Also referred to as Australian Tea Tree, Melaleuca has a bit of a medicinal odor which is attributed to the camphor content.


Mugwort

An age old form of healing in Eastern Medicine, Mugwort has a camphorous scent that is similar to Sage.


Mullein

Offering an herbal scent, Mullein essential oil is a rather uncommon oil which has a nutmeg-like smell and is often used for ear problems.

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Mustard

Extracted from the tiny mustard seed, Mustard essential oil has a fairly strong odor which may take some getting used to.


Myrrh

An ancient oil from Bible times, Myrrh offers a spicy, warm scent that is woody and earthy. Myrrh essential oil is often used in blends as it can be strong and harsh on its own.


Myrtle

Slightly floral with a sweet, camphorous scent, Myrtle is a plant that has historically associated with bravery, nobility, love, and beauty.


Neroli

With a floral, citrus scent, Neroli is highly concentrated


Niaouli

Woody, musty, and a bit harsh, Niaouli essential oil has a harsh scent that may be more preferred when blended with other, milder oils.


Nutmeg

With a spicy scent that you would expect, Nutmeg essential oil is rich and woody, and has a great many uses.


Oakmoss

Offers a rich, woodsy, earthy scent that would be expected from a name like Oakmoss. Oakmoss essential oil is often used in soaps and perfumes because of its soothing and fixative properties, however it also has some health benefits worth mentioning.


Orange, Sweet

Made from the rind of the fruit, Orange essential oil is sweet, citrusy, and strong.


Oregano

Sharp and herbaceous, Oregano is well known for use in cooking, but it also has effective properties when distilled into an essential oil.


Palmarosa

Sweet smelling with a hint of floral rose, Palmarosa essential oil is distilled from this grass-like plant.


Palo Santo

With a woody, sweet smell, Bursera Graveolens is enjoyed for its earthy, citrusy scent with a hint of mint. Also called Holy Wood, Palo Santo has similar constituents to frankincense. Harvesting Palo Santo essential oil is a bit of a chore in that it can only be extracted from dead trees which have been lying for at least two years on the ground—and these trees live to be 80- 90 years old


Parsley

More than just a garnish for your culinary senses, Parsley essential oil offers a warm, spicy, woody scent that provides help in a variety of physical ailments.


Patchouli

Patchouli has a wide variety of uses, but may be an acquired taste as far as aroma goes. Earthy and rich with a woodsy aroma.


Pennyroyal

Extremely potent, so that a few drops go a very long way, pennyroyal has a scent that is a bit like mint.


Peppermint

One of the most versatile and useful essential oils available, Peppermint can be used to minimize medical problems, reduce emotional issues, and increase general health. The scent is fresh and minty, and very strong.


Petitgrain

With a fresh, woodsy scent that has a slight floral flavor, Petitgrain essential oil comes from the same citrus species as bitter orange and Neroli.


Pine

There a few different types of Pine essential oil that come from various trees (Scotch, dwarf, or long leaf), but they all have similar woodsy, earthy fragrances.


Ravensara

Made from the leaf of this enormous tree (it grows up to 65 feet), this oil has a scent that is spicy with a floral undertone.


Rose

Rose essential oil smells like what you would expect from roses, strongly floral with a sweet scent. Rose Otto is a thicker, stronger oil which is preferred for health purposes, while Rose Absolute is often used for perfumery.


Rosemary

The same plant used as a spice in cooking, Rosemary essential oil has and herbaceous scent which is slightly sweet, fresh, and a bit medicinal.


Rosewood

Sometimes called Bois-de-rose, Rosewood has a sweet, fruity scent that is woody, floral, and subtle. Because of its endangered status, those purchasing Rosewood essential oil should always acquire it from a sustainable sourcing supplier.


Sage

Sometimes referred to as Common Sage or Dalmatian Sage, this is the same herb that is used in cooking. The scent is freshly herbaceous, as expected, and has a bit of a fruity, camphorous scent.


Sandalwood

Delicate but fragrant, this rich essential oil has a sweet, woody scent that has floral tones and is useful for both women and men.


Spearmint

A cousin of Peppermint, Spearmint essential oil has a similar aroma to peppermint but is not quite as strong and has a fresh, clean scent that is slightly milder.


Spikenard

Another oil that dates back to biblical times, Spikenard has a spicy smell that is earthy and woody with a bit of a harsh, musty smell.


Spruce

Similar to its cousins, fir and pine, Spruce essential oil offers a fresh, woody scent that is slightly earthy and has a hint of sweetness and fruit making it milder than many other evergreens.


Tangerine

In the family of the orange and mandarin, Tangerine essential oil is made from the peels of the tangerine, with a more intense aroma than standard orange.


Tansy, Blue

Also referred to by the names Moroccan Chamomile or Moroccan Tansy, Blue Tansy is rather rare and can be rather pricey to purchase in its purest form. Its scent is fruity and sweet, with a bit of a floral, herbal, and camphor undertone.


Thuja

A short, coniferous tree, Thuja provides an essential oil that is somewhat similar to eucalyptus but slightly sweeter and with a pine-like scent.


Thyme

Well known for fighting of germs, Thyme essential oil has an herbaceous scent which is fresh but slightly medicinal.


Tuberose

A lesser known flower which is strong and sweet, Tuberose is appreciated for its effect on the emotions.


Tulsi

Also referred to as Holy Basil, Tulsi is widely used in India and is enjoyed for its sweet, warm aroma that is similar to Clove because of its high concentration of Eugenole.


Vetiver

Distilled from the root of the plant, Vetiver essential oil offers a smoky, woody scent which is earthy and herbaceous with a hint of spice.


Wintergreen

Similar to peppermint and spearmint, Wintergreen essential oil contains menthol which gives it a minty aroma that is useful, but can also be highly poisonous if not appropriately used.


Wormwood

Used for centuries, Wormwood can be highly poisonous if not used carefully. It has a scent that is herbaceous, spicy, and warm.


Yarrow, English

With a woody scent that is sharp and herbaceous, Yarrow essential oil has a unique color that is deep blue.


Ylang Ylang

Pronounced Ee-lang Ee-lang, Ylang Ylang essential oil has a fresh aroma that is floral, sweet, fruity, and delicate.